Every culture around the world has its own version or legend of the origin of the species. Most of us are familiar with Charles Darwin ‘s theory On The Origin of Species (1859) or have at least heard of it. In Hindu, there is an origin or creation myth called The Churning of the Ocean of Milk. It is a captivating tale that is depicted in many forms in art and in particular, in the bas-relief panel at Angkor Wat temple in Cambodia.
In Hindu mythology, it is said that 13 precious objects including the elixir of immortality called Amrita were lost in the churning of the cosmic sea. Finding these cherished objects again required cooperation between the gods (devas) and demons (asuras) in an almighty dredging exercise. The scheme required the assistance of the giant serpent Vasuki, who offered himself as a rope to enable the rotating of a “churning stick.” The churning stick is depicted as Mount Mandala (pictured above). At some point in the tug of war, Mount Mandara begins to sink and has to be supported in an upright position by a giant turtle, an incarnation of the Hindu deity Vishnu. It is said that as the serpent was wrenched back and forth in this titanic tug-of-war, that lasted for a thousand years, the Sea of Milk or the Ocean of Immortality is found and released. Many other treasures are also said to be have tossed up too.