Five important history books of 2015.

I am usually not one to review books here, but I cannot let the year slip by without mentioning some […]

The Nativity of Jesus in Byzantine art.

There is no doubt that the Christ Pantocrator, Marian art and the passion of Christ are some of the most […]

Celebrating Christ: Where was Jesus born?

In this nativity scene by Giotto, Jesus is placed in a manger, underneath a roofed structure set into a rocky […]

The Force Awaits Us!

There has been an awakening! This phrase has been repeatedly exercised by fans and the media, over the past year […]

The 1,700 year old Roman and Byzantine-era mosaics of Lod.

The construction and modernization of Israeli infrastructure across fields, suburban blocks, highways and streets has seen an unprecedented wave of […]

Treasure and mystery in Byzantine Cappadocia.

Before the Romans, other ancient civilisations, notably the Achaemenid Empire, once inhabited the mountainous region of central Anatolia called Cappadocia. […]

Albert Einstein: The genius of general relativity and the father of modern physics.

Why is it that Albert Einstein, a theoretical physicist, is one of the most recognized and beloved individuals of the […]

Valentinian I: The last of the triumphant Roman emperors in the west.

Valentinian is sometimes described as a brooding and violent man.  Ammianus Marcellinus, in particular, does not mince his words describing […]

Brothers in power, migration and pending disaster!

This is the reverse of a solidus minted by Valens, which depicts Valens and his older brother Valentinian, seated on […]

War Horse Part 4: The Persians

The rise of the Achaemenid or Persian Empire in the sixth century BC was swift, arguably due to the endeavours […]